Africa research news

At Safari West, see African animals without airfare - San Francisco Chronicle

Thu, 2016-04-21 22:24

San Francisco Chronicle

At Safari West, see African animals without airfare
San Francisco Chronicle
“Some scientists think birds — it's not just flamingos — do that to conserve energy, or body heat. ... If you're staying overnight, there's a nice, no-nonsense dining hall where they serve nice, no-nonsense food and totally decent beer and wine, but ...

10 Animals UC Davis Is Working to Save - UC Davis

Thu, 2016-04-21 17:37

UC Davis

10 Animals UC Davis Is Working to Save
UC Davis
... were again the lowest in history. Meanwhile, the UC Davis Fish Conservation and Culture Laboratory is breeding thousands of them in captivity, preserving their genetic diversity and providing a supply for scientific research — and one level of ...

Poorly known South African mountain endemic appears to be a very valuable keystone species - Phys.Org

Wed, 2016-04-20 14:33

Phys.Org

Poorly known South African mountain endemic appears to be a very valuable keystone species
Phys.Org
Doctoral student Joanne Bentley, University of Cape Town, studied the genetic relationships between the various Macowania species and relatives during her Masters degree studies. Her research led to the first collection of the poorly known species ...

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Computers play a crucial role in preserving the Earth - National Science Foundation (press release)

Wed, 2016-04-20 14:07

National Science Foundation (press release)

Computers play a crucial role in preserving the Earth
National Science Foundation (press release)
Computers have helped revolutionize the commercial world and transformed the lives of the general public through the development of the Internet and mobile technologies like the iPhone. But, practically speaking, they have done little for the good of ...

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More than 1000 species have been moved due to human impact - The Guardian

Wed, 2016-04-20 12:37

The Guardian

More than 1000 species have been moved due to human impact
The Guardian
Dr Axel Moehrenschlager said cases of “translocation”, such as India's plan to relocate tigers to Cambodia or South Africa's scheme to airlift rhinos to Australia, have increased exponentially in recent decades and will become more common due to human ...

Why rising carbon dioxide may actually help some crops - Christian Science Monitor

Wed, 2016-04-20 12:28

Christian Science Monitor

Why rising carbon dioxide may actually help some crops
Christian Science Monitor
This latest study, conducted by an international team of 16 researchers, finds that rising carbon dioxide levels that accompany and exacerbate climate change can also enhance photosynthesis and reduce plants' need for water. ... "We need to take into ...

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Florida's Dragon Problem - The Atlantic

Wed, 2016-04-20 11:30

The Atlantic

Florida's Dragon Problem
The Atlantic
It's a formidable animal, and the largest lizard in Africa. It's also the largest ... Together with her supervisor, self-confessed museum geek Evon Hekkala, Dowell sequenced the DNA of dozens of Nile monitors from all over Africa—both freshly caught ...

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Concern over Brexit's impact on science - BBC News

Wed, 2016-04-20 08:11

BBC News

Concern over Brexit's impact on science
BBC News
The UK science community draws vital benefits from EU membership and could lose influence in the event of an exit, says a House of Lords report. But scientists in favour of leaving say the UK would still be eligible for EU funding along with other ...

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South African endemic mountain plant gives itself up after 147-year absence - Phys.Org

Tue, 2016-04-19 14:24

Phys.Org

South African endemic mountain plant gives itself up after 147-year absence
Phys.Org
The Great Escarpment Biodiversity Research Programme, led by Prof. Nigel Barker, University of Pretoria, has been systematically documenting plant diversity and endemism along much of the Great Escarpment - southern Africa's principal mountain system.

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New History for a Fiery Solar System, Improving African Crops, and Understanding Itch - Scientific American

Tue, 2016-04-19 13:12

Scientific American

New History for a Fiery Solar System, Improving African Crops, and Understanding Itch
Scientific American
Scientists now are looking to a solution called perenniation—in which perennial plants such as shrubs, trees or grasses are grown alongside crops. They help to supply carbon and nitrogen, and their roots hold the soil against erosion. Researchers who ...

Rebuilding Africa's Soil, One Farm at a Time - Scientific American

Tue, 2016-04-19 13:12

Scientific American

Rebuilding Africa's Soil, One Farm at a Time
Scientific American
Mariko Majoni in Malawi has dramatically changed how he farms. Like many small-scale African farmers, he could not afford fertilizers, and over the years his maize yields plummeted. When he learned about “fertilizer trees” that capture nitrogen from ...

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As drought deepens, African nations struggle to get globe's attention - Christian Science Monitor

Tue, 2016-04-19 12:56

Christian Science Monitor

As drought deepens, African nations struggle to get globe's attention
Christian Science Monitor
... lives through. For climate scientists, the massive drought sweeping southern and eastern Africa since last year is an ominous signal of how climate change is driving extreme weather, threatening already vulnerable communities where climate and ...

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Do Animals Have Culture? - NPR

Tue, 2016-04-19 08:54

NPR

Do Animals Have Culture?
NPR
Barbara: It's widely known by now that chimpanzees in West Africa crack open hard-shelled nuts with rock and stone hammers to extract the delicious protein inside, and that chimpanzees in East Africa don't. ... Adam: So about animal culture, you're ...

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The Amazon rainforest may be home to more animals than previously thought, Stanford scientists show - Stanford Report

Tue, 2016-04-19 00:13

Stanford Report

The Amazon rainforest may be home to more animals than previously thought, Stanford scientists show
Stanford Report
By tapping the expertise of indigenous hunters, researchers found that conventional surveying techniques underestimate animal populations and miss species in the remote Amazon. Producing an accurate count is important for planning conservation efforts.

Animals Rule Chernobyl 30 Years After Nuclear Disaster - National Geographic

Mon, 2016-04-18 19:04

National Geographic

Animals Rule Chernobyl 30 Years After Nuclear Disaster
National Geographic
Marina Shkvyria watches for animal tracks as she walks toward an abandoned village in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, the area sealed to the public after a nuclear power plant exploded here 30 years ago, on April 26, 1986. Spotting ... an area known for ...

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No, Those Aren't Male Lions Mating. One Is Likely a Female. - National Geographic

Mon, 2016-04-18 16:33

National Geographic

No, Those Aren't Male Lions Mating. One Is Likely a Female.
National Geographic
One of the photos shows the two animals rubbing their heads against each other, which is not unusual behavior for males as part of a dominance display, notes Kathleen Alexander, an African lion expert and professor at Virgina Polytechnic Institute in ...

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Discovery of enzyme in the sleeping sickness parasite streamlines drug development - Phys.Org

Mon, 2016-04-18 12:20

Discovery of enzyme in the sleeping sickness parasite streamlines drug development
Phys.Org
Researchers from Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that the single-celled parasite causing African sleeping sickness has a defence mechanism against potential pharmaceuticals under development against the disease. ... This according to a study ...

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Scorpion venom yields clues for developing better pharmaceuticals - Medical Xpress

Mon, 2016-04-18 12:08

Medical Xpress

Scorpion venom yields clues for developing better pharmaceuticals
Medical Xpress
The breakthrough, announced this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, explains what happens when a toxin produced by Scorpio maurus—a scorpion species found in North Africa and the Middle East—permeates the cell ...

Controversial Railway Splits Kenya's Parks, Threatens Wildlife - National Geographic

Mon, 2016-04-18 12:03

National Geographic

Controversial Railway Splits Kenya's Parks, Threatens Wildlife
National Geographic
KENYA'S OLD RAILWAY, nicknamed the Lunatic Line for its enormous cost, was constructed by Indian and African laborers in the 1890s under British rule. The single track is old and narrow gauge, and trains frequently break down or derail. In 2009, Kenyan ...

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Here is why Dangote is Africa's 'King' of cement - Ventures Africa

Mon, 2016-04-18 09:27

Ventures Africa

Here is why Dangote is Africa's 'King' of cement
Ventures Africa
Currently, Dangote Cement Plc is present in almost all the regions in Africa that are rich in limestone deposits, which is an essential component for the production of cement. In just 10 years, Dangote has established cement plants of over 43 MMTPA ...

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